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What are the different types of eggplant?

If ever there was a cross-cultural vegetable (or technically speaking–a fruit–but I’m not here to upset you,) it would have to be eggplant. While most countries have a beloved recipe featuring eggplant, they also have a variation on the vegetable itself.

The more common types of eggplant

Let’s begin with the American eggplant, also known as the Globe eggplant. This is the most typical eggplant in appearance with its rounded but elongated shape, with an ever-fattening bottom—don’t judge—dark purple skin, and an average seed-to-skin ratio.

Italian eggplant look quite similar to the American eggplant in color and shape. Their size is usually a bit more medium.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant globe
Globe eggplant are the most commonly recognized.

 

How do you use it?

Eggplant takes well to many cooking applications, including breading & frying, roasting whole to soften the insides for use in purees and soups, grilling, broiling, or sauteing.

Like most vegetables, they have a high water content. With this in mind, after roasting, I like to scrape out the softened flesh and pass it through a food mill. This leaves behind the lion’s share of the seeds and gentle fiber. I then tie it up in a beggar’s purse of cheese cloth and suspend it in the cooler over a bowl to catch the excess water. After letting it drain overnight, the resulting puree is tighter and more concentrated in flavor. This allows its contribution to recipes such as baba ghanoush (hard to say—easy to eat!) to be much more pronounced and delicious.

Or even more so my favorite: eggplant as a filling for homemade ravioli. Maybe with goat cheese! Maybe with chives! Stop-stop-we’re still just on the first variety of eggplant and I’m hungry already!

 

freshpoint types of eggplant Baba ghanoush
Baba ghanoush is a delicious Levantine eggplant mash that is served like hummus.

 

The more specialty types of eggplant

Sicilian eggplant are big and round, about the size of a grapefruit, and lighter purple in color.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant sicilian
Sicilian eggplant are lighter in color and quite round. They make fun slices!

 

The ever-elusive Fairytale eggplant and the Graffiti eggplant are teenager sized, and variegated in violet and white, with a delicate flavor and a creamy bite. These different types of eggplant fall into the heirloom specialty category of produce.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant graffiti
Graffiti eggplant are a little more “eggplant” shaped, as opposed to the slender shape of, say, a Chinese eggplant

 

freshpoint types of eggplant fairytale
Fairytale eggplant, on the other hand, are very slender.

 

Chinese and Japanese eggplant are similar to each other in size and shape, which is to say that they are long and slender. The difference is that Chinese are lighter purple, and Japanese are a dark purple like the American eggplant. These are fun to slice into cross sections, bread and fry to create crispy little bases for your favorite canape toppings.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant chinese japanese
Japanese eggplant (above) are much darker than the lavender colored Chinese eggplant (bottom). Note the darker and lighter calyxes, respectively.

 

And doesn’t it seem like things are so much cuter when they’re small? The baby eggplant, also known as Indian eggplant, fits into the palm of your hand and is an exciting single serve eggplant with a little menu creativity.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant indian eggplant
The baby eggplant, also known as Indian eggplant, fits into the palm of your hand and is an exciting single serve eggplant with a little menu creativity.

 

Thai eggplant is very unique from the others in that it is very small and very green, even when mature. It sometimes has some decorative white variegations. The texture on this eggplant is also differentiated from other varieties in that it is firm and seedy on the inside. This firm texture lends itself to long slow cooking techniques such as currying wherein it will withstand the flavor absorption without disintegrating. And if it’s too hard to remember which eggplant is green, you can always refer to it as the Kermit Eggplant as some of our associates here at FreshPoint do. (Editor’s note: this is true. 😊 )

freshpoint types of eggplant thai
These small green eggplants are called Thai eggplant, and are perfect in Thai curry dishes.

Here’s your fun fact

And in case EGGPLANT ever comes up on Jeopardy, you may be interested to know that hundreds of years ago, most eggplant grown were white and egg-shaped. Hence the name. White eggplant are still available, but as more of a specialty heirloom variety. As with many other widely grown vegetables, the varieties that earn the most ground space are those that are most resistant to invasive insects, drought and inclement weather, which is why the Globe eggplant is the most widely recognized.

 

freshpoint types of eggplant white
Small, white, egg-shaped. Wonder where they got their name…

 

Eggplant are available more or less year-round barring any major weather patterns. Summer is their strongest season, where it can be found in the garden growing next to its good friends: zucchini, squash, tomatoes, and peppers. Et voila… ratatouille is served with a cool rosé for dejeuner in the French countryside. Another stunningly beautiful cultural culinary creation featuring the humble eggplant.

 


 

Globe eggplant are available more or less year-round barring any major weather patterns. For availability and ordering information on any of the specialty eggplants mentioned, please contact your sales representative: some require special handling and can also be quite seasonal.

Content provided by Francy Deskin, the Specialties Coordinator for FreshPoint South Florida. She has spent 20+ years in kitchens, including as an Executive Chef, and she loves all things food. Follow FreshPoint South Florida on Facebook and Instagram.

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